SY-MIS Project: Biomedical Design of Endo-Robotic and Laparoscopic Training System for Surgery on the Earth and Space

José Cornejo, Jorge Cornejo, M. Vargas, M. Carvajal, Paul Perales, G. Rodríguez, C. Macias, S. Canizares, Paola Silva, Robert F. Cubas, M. C. Jimenez, Eddy P. Lincango, Luis Serrano, Ricardo Palomares, S. Aspilcueta, Rocio Castillo-Larios, Lorna A. Evans, J. A. De La Cruz-Vargas, Marcelo Risk, Rafael J. Grossmann, Enrique F. Elli


Despite the location (Earth or Space), surgical simulation is a vital part of improving technical skills and ensuring patients' safety in the real procedure. The purpose of this study is to describe the Space System for Minimally Invasive Surgery (SY-MIS©) project, which started in 2016 under the supervision of the Center for Space Systems (C-SET). The process connects the best features of the following machines: Biomedik Surgeon, Space Biosurgeon, SP-LAP 1, and SP-LAP 2, which were defined using the VDI 2221 guidelines. This research uses methods based on 3 standards: i) Biomedical design: ISO 9001-13485 / FDA 21 CFR 820.30 / ASTM F1744-96(2016); ii) Aerospace human factors: HF-STD-001; iii) Mechatronics design: VDI 2206. The results depict the conceptual biomedical design of a novel training system named Surgical Engineering and Mechatronic System (SETY©), which integrates the use of 2 laparoscopic tools and 2 anthropomorphic mini-robotic arms (6 DOF). It has been validated by the Evaluation of Technical Criteria, getting a total score of 90% related to clinical assessment, machine adaptability, and robustness. The novelty of the research lies in the introduction of a new procedure that covers the simultaneous use of laparoscopic and robotic systems, named Hybrid Cyber-Physical Surgery (HYS©). In conclusion, the development of SY-MIS© promotes the use of advanced technologies to improve surgical procedures and human-machine medical cooperation for the next frontier of habitability on other planets.


Doi: 10.28991/ESJ-2024-08-02-01

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Engineering Design; Biomedical Technologies; Medical Mechatronics; Surgical Robotics; Aerospace Medicine.


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DOI: 10.28991/ESJ-2024-08-02-01


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Copyright (c) 2024 José Cornejo, Jorge Cornejo, Mariela Vargas, Michelle Carvajal, Paul Perales, Gabriela Rodríguez, Christian Macias, Stalin Canizares, Paola Silva, Robert F. Cubas, Maria Carolina Jimenez, Eddy P. Lincango, Luis Serrano, Ricardo Palomares, Shariff Aspilcueta, Rocio Castillo-Larios, Lorna A. Evans, Jhony A. De La Cruz-Vargas, Marcelo Risk, Rafael J. Grossmann, Enrique F. Elli