Design of Tat Twam Asi-Discrepancy Evaluation Model Based on TOPSIS in Determining the Improvement Priority Aspect

Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana, Agus Adiarta, P. Wayan Arta Suyasa


This research aimed to provide information about the existence of the new evaluation model in the field of education. The intended evaluation model is called the Tat Twam Asi-Discrepancy evaluation model based on TOPSIS. This model serves to determine the dominant aspects become improvement priority, so later it can trigger the effectiveness of blended learning implementation. The method was used in this research was a development method using the Borg and Gall model, which only focused on the design development stage. Subjects were involved in the initial trials of the evaluation model design were four experts and 30 respondents to conducted simulation trials of TOPSIS calculation. The tools were used to conducted preliminary trials toward the evaluation model design and simulation trials of calculations were questionnaires. Analysis of the initial trial results toward the model design was done by comparing the quality percentage of the test results with the percentage of quality standards that refer to the eleven’s scale. Analysis of the simulation test results of the TOPSIScalculation was done by comparing the effectiveness percentage of the test results with the percentage of effectiveness standards that refer to the five’s scale. The results of this research indicate this evaluation model is highly qualified and effective is used to determine the most dominant evaluation aspect to become an improvement priority to realize the effectiveness of blended learning implementation.


Doi: 10.28991/esj-2021-01285

Full Text: PDF


Evaluation Model; Tat Twam Asi; Discrepancy; TOPSIS; Blended Learning.


Irawan, Vincentius Tjandra, Eddy Sutadji, and Widiyanti. “Blended Learning Based on Schoology: Effort of Improvement Learning Outcome and Practicum Chance in Vocational High School.” Edited by Hau Fai Edmond Law. Cogent Education 4, no. 1 (January 1, 2017): 1–10. doi:10.1080/2331186x.2017.1282031.

Suyasa, P Wayan Arta, Putu Sukma Kurniawan, I Putu Wisna Ariawan, Wayan Sugandini, Ni Desak Made Sri Adnyawati, I Dewa Ayu Made Budhyani, and Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana. “Empowerment of CSE-UCLA Model Based on Glickman Quadrant Aided by Visual Application to Evaluate the Blended Learning Program on SMA Negeri 1 Ubud.” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology 96, no. 18 (2018), 6203–6219.

Savoie-Roskos, Mateja R., Stacy Bevan, Rebecca Charlton, and Marlene Israelsen Graf. “Approaches to Evaluating Blended Courses.” Journal on Empowering Teaching Excellence 2, no. 1 (2018): 3–11. doi:10.26077/jg9k-5e05.

Pima, John Marco, Michael Odetayo, Rahat Iqbal, and Eliamani Sedoyeka. “A Thematic Review of Blended Learning in Higher Education.” International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning 10, no. 1 (January 2018): 1–11. doi:10.4018/ijmbl.2018010101.

Jayanta, I Nyoman Laba, Kadek Dewi Suryantari, and Made Sumantri. “An Analysis of Discrepancy between the Lesson Plan and the Implementation of Curriculum 2013 in Teaching and Learning Process in SD Negeri 4 Kaliuntu.” Journal of Education Research and Evaluation 1, no. 2 (May 2, 2017): 73–81. doi:10.23887/jere.v1i2.9839.

Said, Meldasari, R. Madhakomala, and Fahmi Idris. “Discrepancy Evaluation Model for Human Resources Health Placement Evaluation at the Puskesmas.” Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques 7, no. 4 (2019): 588–594.

Sanjaya, Dewa Bagus. “Reconstructing Local Wisdom Based Character Education for Sekaa Teruna Teruni in Desa Pakraman Ubud Bali.” International Research Journal of Management, IT & Social Sciences 4, no. 2 (2017): 190–197.

Perbowosari, Heny. “The Local Wisdom Value of Mandhasiya Tradition (Study of Hindu Education).” Vidyottama Sanatana: International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies 3, no. 1 (May 1, 2019): 1–12. doi:10.25078/ijhsrs.v3i1.790.

Krohling, Renato A., and André G.C. Pacheco. “A-TOPSIS – An Approach Based on TOPSIS for Ranking Evolutionary Algorithms.” Procedia Computer Science 55 (2015): 308–317. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.07.054.

Song, Jing, and Junhui Zheng. “The Application of Grey-TOPSIS Method on Teaching Quality Evaluation of the Higher Education.” International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (IJET) 10, no. 8 (December 14, 2015): 42–45. doi:10.3991/ijet.v10i8.5219.

Mutawa, A.M. “Evaluation of Blended Learning in Higher Education: A Case Study.” PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences 3, no. 1 (January 1, 2017): 881–889. doi:10.20319/pijss.2017.s31.881889.

Lippe, Megan, and Patricia Carter. “Using the CIPP Model to Assess Nursing Education Program Quality and Merit.” Teaching and Learning in Nursing 13, no. 1 (January 2018): 9–13. doi:10.1016/j.teln.2017.09.008.

Thurab-Nkhosi, D. “The Evaluation of a Blended Faculty Development Course Using the CIPP Framework.” International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology 15, no. 1, (2019): 245–254.

Martín-Martínez, Laura, Vanesa Sainz, and Fidel Rodríguez-Legendre. “Evaluation of a Blended Learning Model for Pre-Service Teachers.” Knowledge Management & E-Learning 12, no. 2, (June 2020): 147–164. doi:10.34105/j.kmel.2020.12.008.

Mantara, Angga Yuni, Endang Prastuti, and Titis Setyo Wahyudi. “Student’s Evaluation on the Use of Learning Media during Pandemic.” KnE Social Sciences (January 5, 2021): 446–453. doi:10.18502/kss.v4i15.8232.

Habib, Mohamed, and Muhammad Ramzan. “Performance Assessment and Analysis of Blended Learning in IT Education: A Longitudinal Study in Saudi Electronic University.” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications 11, no. 6 (2020): 446–453. doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2020.0110610.

Naibaho, Lamhot. “Online Learning Evaluation during Covid-19 Using CSE-UCLA Evaluation Model at English Education Department Universitas Kristen Indonesia.” Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences 4, no. 2 (April 28, 2021): 1987–1997. doi:10.33258/birci.v4i2.1887.

Agung, Anak Agung Gede, I Gusti Putu Sudiarta, and Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana. “The Quality Evaluation of School Management Model Based on Balinese Local Wisdom Using Weighted Product Calculation.” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology 96, no. 19, (2018), 6570–6579.

Sugiharni, Gusti Ayu Dessy. “The Development of Interactive Instructional Media Oriented to Creative Problem Solving Model on Function Graphic Subject.” Journal of Education Research and Evaluation 2, no. 4 (February 4, 2019): 183–189. doi:10.23887/jere.v2i4.16694.

Fikri, H., Madona, A.S., and Morelent, Y. “The Practicality and Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia in Indonesian Language Learning at the 5th Grade of Elementary School.” The Journal of Social Sciences Research no. SPI 2 (November 15, 2018): 531–539. doi:10.32861/jssr.spi2.531.539.

Maryansyah, Yupika. “An Analysis on Readability of English Reading Texts for Grade IX Students at MTsN 2 Kota Bengkulu.” Premise Journal 5, no. 1 (April 30, 2016): 69–88. doi:10.24127/pj.v5i1.416.

Panda, Monalisa, and Alok Kumar Jagadev. “TOPSIS in Multi-Criteria Decision Making: A Survey.” 2018 2nd International Conference on Data Science and Business Analytics (ICDSBA) (September 2018): 51–54. doi:10.1109/icdsba.2018.00017.

Kaur, Simarpreet, Sumeet Kaur Sehra, and Sukhijt Singh Sehra. “A Framework for Software Quality Model Selection Using TOPSIS.” 2016 IEEE International Conference on Recent Trends in Electronics, Information & Communication Technology (RTEICT) (May 2016): 736–739. doi:10.1109/rteict.2016.7807922.

Bandyopadhyay, Susmita. “Application of Fuzzy Probabilistic TOPSIS on a Multi-Criteria Decision Making Problem.” 2017 Second International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Technologies (ICECCT) (February 2017): 1–3. doi:10.1109/icecct.2017.8118038.

Zhang, Ling, Yan Xu, Chung-Hsing Yeh, Le He, and De-Qun Zhou. “Bi-TOPSIS: A New Multi-criteria Decision Making Method for Interrelated Criteria with Bipolar Measurement.” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems 47, no. 12 (December 2017): 3272–3283. doi:10.1109/tsmc.2016.2573582.

Baylan, Emin Başar. “A Novel Project Risk Assessment Method Development via AHP-TOPSIS Hybrid Algorithm.” Emerging Science Journal 4, no. 5 (October 1, 2020): 390–410. doi:10.28991/esj-2020-01239.

Zheng, Feng, and Yang-Cheng Lin. “A Fuzzy TOPSIS Expert System Based on Neural Networks for New Product Design.” 2017 International Conference on Applied System Innovation (ICASI), Sapporo, Japan (May 2017): 598–601. doi:10.1109/icasi.2017.7988494.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/esj-2021-01285


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Dewa Gede Hendra Hendra Divayana