The Fundamental Strategies that will Drive Higher Educational Sector Towards Digital Transformation in Industry 4.0

David Mhlanga


Digital transformation is the coordination of digital technologies with organizational aspects and human variables in a specific setting. It goes beyond simply implementing a technology solution. Additionally, it calls for the thoughtful and complete application of digital technology to the creation of new skills and theoretical frameworks. The goal of the current study is to examine the basic practices that will propel Industry 4.0's digital transformation of the educational sector. Utilizing a qualitative research approach that included a comparison and analysis of the relevant body of earlier work, the study discovered that digital transformation in education can be driven by several factors, including campus safety, data security, student achievement, strategy, data enablement, student-cantered services, cost and availability, digital integration, and artificial intelligence. The study concluded with a variety of strategies that can aid in the digital transformation of universities and other institutions of higher learning, like establishing a solid foundation for information and communication technology systems and delivering cyber security that is up to date with current best practices, among the many strategies suggested.


Doi: 10.28991/ESJ-2023-SIED2-010

Full Text: PDF


Education Sector; Digital Transformation; Fundamental Procedures.


Norton, A., Shroff, S., & Edwards, N. (2020). Digital Transformation: An Enterprise Architecture Perspective. Publish Nation Limited, London, United Kingdom.

Katyeudo, K. K., & de Souza, R. A. C. (2022). Digital Transformation towards Education 4.0. Informatics in Education, 21(2), 283–309. doi:10.15388/infedu.2022.13.

World Economic Forum. (2019). Why We Need the “Davos Manifesto” for a Better Kind of Capitalism. 2019. World Economic Forum Web Sit. World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland. Available online: -we-need-the-davos-manifesto-for-better-kind-of-capitalism/ (accessed on April 2023).

Bogdandy, B., Tamas, J., & Toth, Z. (2020). Digital Transformation in Education during COVID-19: a Case Study. 2020 11th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom). doi:10.1109/coginfocom50765.2020.9237840.

Castro Benavides, L. M., Tamayo Arias, J. A., Arango Serna, M. D., Branch Bedoya, J. W., & Burgos, D. (2020). Digital Transformation in Higher Education Institutions: A Systematic Literature Review. Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 3291. doi:10.3390/s20113291.

World Economic Forum. (2021). Why digital inclusion must be at the centre of resetting education in Africa. World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland. Available online: (accessed on April 2023).

Mhlanga, D., & Moloi, T. (2020). COVID-19 and the digital transformation of education: What are we learning on 4ir in South Africa? Education Sciences, 10(7), 1–11. doi:10.3390/educsci10070180.

Wilms, K. L., Meske, C., Stieglitz, S., Decker, H., Fröhlich, L., Jendrosch, N., Schaulies, S., Vogl, R., & Rudolph, D. (2017). Digital transformation in Higher Education–new cohorts, new requirements?. Twenty-Third American Conference on Information Systems, 10-12 August, 2017, Boston, United States.

Abad-Segura, E., González-Zamar, M. D., Infante-Moro, J. C., & García, G. R. (2020). Sustainable management of digital transformation in higher education: Global research trends. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(5), 2107. doi:10.3390/su12052107.

Kopp, M., Gröblinger, O., & Adams, S. (2019). Five Common Assumptions That Prevent Digital Transformation At Higher Education Institutions. INTED2019 Proceedings, 1, 1448–1457. doi:10.21125/inted.2019.0445.

Mhlanga, D. (2020). Industry 4.0 in finance: the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on digital financial inclusion. International Journal of Financial Studies, 8(3), 45. doi:10.3390/ijfs8030045.

Mhlanga, D. (2022). Stakeholder Capitalism, the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), and Sustainable Development: Issues to Be Resolved. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(7), 3902. doi:10.3390/su14073902.

Zaoui, F., & Souissi, N. (2020). Roadmap for digital transformation: A literature review. Procedia Computer Science, 175, 621–628. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2020.07.090.

Bilyalova, A., Salimova, D., & Zelenina, T. (2020). Digital Transformation in Education. Integrated Science in Digital Age. ICIS 2019, Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 78, Springer, Cham, Switzerland. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-22493-6_24.

Rospigliosi, P. Asher. (2020). Digital transformation of education: can an online university function fully? Interactive Learning Environments, 28(8), 945–947. doi:10.1080/10494820.2020.1843240.

Carliner, S. (2011). Workshop in conducting integrative literature reviews. 2011 IEEE International Professional Communication Conference, Ohio, United States. doi:10.1109/ipcc.2011.6087203.

Wakefield, A. (2015). Synthesising the literature as part of a literature review. Nursing Standard, 29(29), 44–51. doi:10.7748/ns.29.29.44.e8957.

Webster, J., & Watson, R. T. (2002). Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing a literature review. MIS quarterly, xiii-xxiii.

Wee, V. B., & Banister, D. (2023). Literature review papers: the search and selection process. Journal of Decision Systems, 1-7. doi:10.1080/12460125.2023.2197703.

Snyder, H. (2019). Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 104, 333–339. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.07.039.

Tungpantong, C., Nilsook, P., & Wannapiroon, P. (2021). A Conceptual Framework of Factors for Information Systems Success to Digital Transformation in Higher Education Institutions. 9th International Conference on Information and Education Technology (ICIET-2021). doi:10.1109/iciet51873.2021.9419596.

Pereira, C. S., Durão, N., Fonseca, D., Ferreira, M. J., & Moreira, F. (2020). An educational approach for present and future of digital transformation in portuguese organizations. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 10(3), 757. doi:10.3390/app10030757.

Haggans, M. (2016). The 21st-century campus. Planning for Higher Education, 44(3), 1-8.

Matt, C., Hess, T., & Benlian, A. (2015). Digital Transformation Strategies. Business Information Systems Engineering, 57(5), 339–343. doi:10.1007/s12599-015-0401-5.

OECD. (2020) The impact of COVID-19 on student equity and inclusion: Supporting vulnerable students during school closures and school re-openings. Organisation for EconomicCo-operation and Development (OECD), Paris, France. Available online: (accessed on April 2023).

Rahman, N. A. A., Sairi, I. H., Zizi, N. A. M., & Khalid, F. (2020). The importance of cybersecurity education in school. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 10(5), 378–382. doi:10.18178/ijiet.2020.10.5.1393.

Corradini, I., & Nardelli, E. (2020). Developing Digital Awareness at School: A Fundamental Step for Cybersecurity Education. Advances in Human Factors in Cybersecurity, 102–110, Springer, Cham, Switzerland. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-52581-1_14.

Mhlanga, D. (2021). The Fourth Industrial Revolution and COVID-19 Pandemic in South Africa: The Opportunities and Challenges of Introducing Blended Learning in Education. Journal of African Education, 2(2), 15–42. doi:10.31920/2633-2930/2021/v2n2a1.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/ESJ-2023-SIED2-010


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 David Mhlanga